Reducing the use of antibiotics is no longer an issue of the West. New report of the OIE shows a global change in the use of antibiotics in animals. The figures published in a new report that has just been released by the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) show a positive evolution worldwide in the regulation and monitoring of the use of antimicrobials in animals. The report aims to strengthen the capacity of all countries to collect critical data on the use of antimicrobials in animals.
The OIE has developed a voluntary data collection system in which all countries can participate. The conclusions of the report, presented this February 14, show the general results of the third annual data collection, and provide a global and regional analysis from 2015 to 2017. In total, a record of 155 countries participated in it, demonstrating a greater understanding as well as the prioritization of this issue on an international scale.
"The OIE database is an important initiative that develops surveillance capacity on the use of antimicrobials in animals nationally and globally," said Dr Monique Eloit, Director General of the OIE. "The OIE aims to help countries, regardless of their financial resources, to ensure that antibiotics and other important veterinary drugs are used in a prudent and responsible manner. One of the key recommendations of the OIE is that countries progressively suspend the use as growth promoters of the antimicrobial agents considered of critical importance. "
Indeed, the report shows that the use of antimicrobials as growth promoters has decreased from 60 to 45 countries since the last data collection. However, key antimicrobials, classified by WHO as "Antimicrobials of Critical Importance," such as colistin, continue to be used frequently in several regions for this purpose. Due to this practice, many of the medications that we consider effective at present are in danger, both for animals and for people.
The use of antimicrobials as growth promoters has decreased from 60 to 45 countries
The development of a solid regulatory framework is a key component to protect antimicrobial agents, ensuring their responsible and prudent use in both health and animal production. It is also a powerful instrument to eliminate its use as growth promoters, while recognizing that voluntary approaches can be effective in certain countries. The report shows a positive evolution, with 72 countries that do not have a regulatory framework on the use of growth promoters, which represents a decrease with respect to the first report, which indicated that 110 countries lacked it. This decrease suggests considerable progress in the implementation of regulations on the use of antimicrobial agents.
The countries without regulatory framework on the use of growth promoters it has been reduced from 110 to 72 countries"
While many countries have already taken key measures, such as establishing surveillance systems and regulating the use of antimicrobials in human and animal health, we still have a long way to go," said Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, Director General of the World Health Organization. "Working together is the only way to avoid the enormous human, social, economic and environmental cost of antimicrobial resistance."For many countries, the process of establishing data collection systems at the national level is as important as the data itself. Also, this collection shows your willingness to cooperate. Thanks to the data collection process at the national level, it was possible to understand and identify several barriers to the collection of quality data:
1. Inadequate structure and application of regulatory frameworks for the use of antimicrobials;
2. Absence of tools and adequate human resources to facilitate the collection and analysis of data;
3. Lack of coordination and collaboration between national authorities and the private sector
. The fact that each year more countries provide not only qualitative but also quantitative data, such as the quantities of antimicrobial agents used, is encouraging.This finished publication of the third OIE report registers a 32% increase in quantitative data since the data collection began. The participation of all the sectors involved in the fight against antimicrobial resistance, both regulators, veterinarians, farmers, companies and the food industry, is fundamental.
"Antimicrobials are important to protect the health of people and animals, as well as the means of subsistence and the safety and safety of food, but these medicines must be used responsibly," said José Graziano da Silva, Director General of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization. "We encourage countries to engage with all sectors involved in promoting the prudent and responsible use of these fundamental medicines, including in the agricultural sectors."Despite the improvements observed, the international community must maintain the objective of strengthening the capacity of the competent authorities of the countries to regulate the use of antimicrobials in animals at the national level.
"We recognize that there has been significant progress in ensuring the prudent use of antimicrobials in animals in recent years, but much remains to be done," said Dame Sally Davies, Chief Medical Officer of England, Group Co-Coordinator. of the IACG of the United Nations in Antimicrobial Resistances. "With a larger number of countries reporting quantitative data compared to the first two reports, this year provides an excellent resource that I urge those responsable of the decision making to be used to identify where action needs to be taken and to support the overall response to Antimicrobial Resistances. "
To know more:
• Third OIE Report on the Use of Antimicrobials in Animal Production [14 Feb 2019]